The Infallibility and Inerrancy of the Bible - Part 1

By Audu Yakubu

On Jun 9, 2021

With the rise of the so-called higher criticism, particularly in this contemporary era, not only has the inspiration of Scripture come under widespread attack but the concepts of the infallibility and inerrancy in particular of Scriptures have been sharply criticized. Some critics assert that the bible is infallible only when it speaks of faith and practice. Some argued that the bible is replete with errors and contradictions; other critics say, that its true meaning has been lost a great deal in the course of translation; still, others claim that the bible is not and can never be the word of God. This way of viewing scripture has become popular in our day and time. Much of the controversy surrounding the bible involves a certain amount of confusion about the terms; inerrancy and infallibility. 

Although the Bible was written through men, the ultimate authorship lies not with these men but with God Himself. God exercised His authority through the writings of human authors who served as His mouthpiece to the world. That is, the writers wrote it not based on their power but based on the supervision and inspiration of God. Furthermore, the Bible is clear that the Scripture is not of human initiation but an inspiration from God.

The word of God made an exclusive assertion as the truth, it is for this reason that Ravi Zacharias a renowned apologist made this outstanding statement that “there are three tests to the truth: Logical consistency; Empirical adequacy and Experiential relevance. Of all the written literature in History, the Bible has stood and is still standing as the exclusive book that passed these tests of truth. 

To say that the bible is logically consistent means; it doesn’t contradict itself, it is logically consistent throughout history. The authors of the Bible lived in different historical epoch but their message was the same. It is empirically adequate means that the Bible has been proven with some form of evidence outside the bible. The bible is not a self-referencing book, it is a book with history, geography, and events that can be tested outside the bible. Its Experiential relevance connotes its meaningfulness to reality and the impact that the word of God has made on human existence. In fact, the perfect words to best and accurately describe the bible are “infallibility and inerrancy”. The term infallibility connotes " that which cannot fail", and the word inerrancy also means " without error". 

It is on this basis that we intend to lay out series of articles that will address the submission of the various schools of thought that object to the infallibility and the inerrancy of the Scripture. Such apologetic attempts will be done by a number of individuals who hold to the belief that the Bible is the word of God, and that God cannot lie, and neither can He contradict Himself.


  • Everybody is a Theologian by R C Sproul
  • The difference between The Bible and Qur'an, by Ravi Zacharias (video message)

About The Author

Audu Yakubu is a writer and a graduate of Geomatics Engineering. He's the Human resource manager at LightWk.